Today many children suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD as it is called are being provided with all the love and support that they need. Parents can find many resources to educate themselves with and many social organizations are ready to help you if you face any problem with dealing with your ADHD child. And yet, the myths and misconceptions surrounding ADHD continue. Let us try and understand a little more about this disorder.
The first thing is ADHD affects a fairly large percentage of the population – nearly 10% of kids and nearly 5% of the adult population. Generally, more men tend to be affected by ADHD than women. Let us now see what the main symptoms of ADHD are and how does one identify if their child is suffering from one.
1. Children with ADHD tend to find it difficult to concentrate on one thing for a very long time. They do not pay attention to the details, make very silly mistakes, cannot attend to some very simple tasks or cannot do tasks that require them to concentrate for longer. They can be easily distracted and find it hard to follow even simple instructions.
2. ADHD children also tend to be very impulsive. For example, they cannot sit still in one place for long, often getting up without being told to or move about restlessly. They may talk excessively and even interrupt others.
3. Doctors believe that most children display a combination of both these symptoms – being impulsive and inattentive.
Many factors including the child’s living environment and family situation can affect or aggravate ADHD. However, most experts now agree that this is not a behavioral problem as was believed some years ago but more of a biological and mental condition.
A shortcoming in the way different neurotransmitters in the various parts of the brain interact with each other seems to be the root cause of the problem. The frontal lobe of the brain that controls the way we concentrate and controls our impulses also seems to play a role in the children growing up with ADHD.
It is very important that parents understand that ADHD cannot be cured by making the child try harder or worse, by punishing him or her. Children with ADHD have to be handled carefully and with more sensitivity so that they too can fit into the mainstream. There may have to be some adjustments in the situational conditions so that ADHD children also can learn and play with other children. On the other hand, if their condition is not recognized in time by their caregivers, ADHD children will remain a misunderstood lot and will not be able to exploit their abilities to the fullest.
If you have a child that exhibits any of the symptoms we have mentioned above, consult a doctor on whether he or she could be having ADHD. If your child is an ADHD child, do not give up hope – there is enough support today for your child to grow just like other children and make a mark in the world.