Ear Infections An Overview

Ear Infections An Overview

The most ordinary disease that a child succumbs to in his or her infancy is ear contagion. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders claim that the ratio of children suffering from ear contagion is about 3 in a group of four children.

Otitis media is the name that the medical professionals attribute to middle ear contagion. Media is “middle” and otitis refers to the swelling of the ear.

Ear infections heal by themselves in a while. Also by the time the children grow up enough to go to schools, this contagion ceases to affect them. Hence parents and children, who fret about this issue and also remain ill at ease, actually should not be perturbed.  

Indications

It is quite difficult to understand ear contagions. This situation worsens in case your baby is yet unable to articulate his or her pain. Here is a list of signs that might assist you in understanding whether your child is suffering from ear infection or not. Children usually do these if they are infected:

  • Tow or stretch their earlobes
  • Weep incessantly
  • Do not sleep enough or feel uncomfortable while sleeping
  • Do not hear sounds and also do not react to any kind of noise
  • Is strangely bad-tempered
  • Have a temperature running
  • Some liquid flows down the
  • Suffers from a pain in the head

Reasons

Viral contagions, for example a chill, generally give rise to ear contamination. The virus leads to the swelling of the middle ear and due to this swelling, the liquid accumulates at the back of the eardrum. 

Sometimes ear contamination is caused due to some improper working or inflammation inside the Eustachian canals (they are the thin tubes that link the middle ear with the nose). The function of these canals is to make the internal and external ear -pressure the same. Since the Eustachian canals of a child are thinner and smaller in size in comparison to a grown up’s Eustachian tubes, any liquid can accumulate in the middle region of the ear without any difficulty. This accumulation generally takes place when the Eustachian canals are malfunctioning or they get clogged due to cold infection

Adenoids are tissues that are found in the upper throat area that lies close to the Eustachian canals. These adenoids bulge in ear contamination. Lymphocytes are cells that function as the body’s protection system i.e. they struggle against the foreign cells that enter a body during any infection. However, there are times when these very adenoids swell and bulge and thus clog the canals. This contagion that affects the adenoids sometimes contaminate the Eustachian canals. 

Also the immune systems of children are not fully matured. Hence they are more susceptible too any kind of infection. 

Hazards

The most common problems related to ear contagion are:

  • How old your child is. Ear contaminations generally affect children within the ages 4 months and 4 years. However, a child whose age is within 6 and 18 months is most likely to be infected
  • Looking after many children assembled together. It is easier for your child to acquire a viral infection or a ear contagion if he or she remains in a crèche or in any place with many more children. The children who remain at home are less exposed to the contagion.
  • The kind of air inhaled. In case your child is in contact with cigarette smoke or if you live in a very polluted area, it is more likely that your child will suffer from ear contagion. 
  • Infection in the family. In case any member of your family has suffered from such an infection, it is likely that your child will suffer from the same.
  • Nation. Europeans do not contract ear contagion as much as American Indians or the Eskimos from Alaska or Canada.
  • Posture during eating or drinking. In case you let your child lie flat on the bed or any other place while drinking from a bottle, he or she is more likely to suffer from ear contagions. This risk decreases if you hold him or her straight up during food hours.
  • The time of the year. It is generally in fall and the chilly winter that ear contamination occurs.