Gum Diseases: Treatment Options
Gum diseases or periodontitis is an infection in the gums whereby the tissues holding your teeth is damaged, causing larger damage to your teeth and surrounding bones too. If you don’t brush your teeth regularly, a sticky form of bacteria – called the plaque – forms around your teeth. If you continue to ignore it, it hardens and inflicts more damage. The plaque so formed can be cleaned with regular brushing, and cleaning by dental physicians. If you still ignore it however, it goes into an advance stage where the gum disease can cause damages to your teeth, gum and surrounding bones. You might loose your teeth forever.
Not brushing your teeth regularly or not flossing are some of the reasons for getting the gum diseases. Among all the factors, smoking perhaps is the most important attributes to the gum diseases. If you don’t quit after the treatment begins, if can further slow the healing process. The treatment may include cleaning the teeth or even surgery. Periodontitis or gum diseases can be treated, and even prevented. And, as they say, prevention is better than cure.
Besides not brushing your teeth regularly, lack of flossing, tobacco smoking, tobacco chewing, other reasons of the gum diseases can be other medical conditions like diabetes, medications like steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, oral contraceptives, crooked teeth, defective tooth filling or even pregnancy.
You can check regularly for gum diseases by:-
– checking if the gum bleeds easily
– If they appear swollen red
– If the gums are red and tender
– If you have continuous bad breath
– If you teeth are loose or falling
– If you have pain while biting
However, doctors say that it is possible to have the gum diseases even without any of these signs. Therefore it is very important to make a habit of visiting dentists regularly.
There are two methods for the treatment of the gum diseases – mechanical and chemical. Mechanical method is the domestic use of toothpaste and brush to clean your teen regularly, twice a day. Upper teeth should be brushed in downward motion and lower teeth in upward motion – both from outside and inside, while the chewing areas should be brushed in circular motion. Mechanical methods also include flossing, and cleaning your mouth with inner dental brushes, tooth pricks etc.
Chemical method involves using chemicals such as chlorhexidine and fluoride to reduce plaque. These chemicals are found in solutions such as mouth rinses. Use the toothpaste that contains fluoride – for people above the age of 6. Children of aged between 3 and 6 should use a tiny portion of fluoride while brushing and those under the age of 3 should not use fluoride.
As a preventive measure, you should also reduce eating sugary substances like chocolates and cookies or ice creams. When you do eat them, wash your mouth properly with water, and drink some water.
If and when you do get these gum diseases and you are in the process of getting it treated, it is advisable to get second opinion from another dentist or a periodontist.