China is known for various antique art forms and Tai Chi is one of them. It has a formidable reputation of healing thousands of people from various illnesses and is often considered as a sure shot means of being fit and healthy. Also known as, “Supreme Ultimate Force”, Tai Chi has an illustrious past which is fascinating to explore.
Tai Chi’s Goal
Before reading about the history of Tai Chi, let’s first have a look at the main goals of Tai Chi.
- The first and the foremost goal of Tai Chi is to flourish the circulation of ‘chi’ in the body. It aims to foster proper health and vitality by keeping the ‘chi’ healthy so that it works in balance with the vascular system and nervous system.
- The second main goal of Tai Chi is to make the mind and soul calm. It is a kind of meditation that helps sharpening the mind and body focus. It helps a person to learn proper alignment and rhythm of body movement.
Tai Chi’s Origin
Tai Chi has its origin rooted back to the second millennium B.C., when Indians started practicing yoga. Chinese started yoga as Saolin chuan. It was in the 13th century A.D., that a Taoist monk named, Chang Sang Feng developed the art of Tai Chi. Different families of China developed different Tai Chi styles. As a result, Tai Chi came to be associated with China and its different families.
Historical Development Of Tai Chi
- * The New Frame Style of Tai Chi was developed by Chen You-heng.
- * Chen Chang-hsing combines the Cannon Pounding form of the Chen Family with Tai Chi and taught it to Yang Lu-chan.
- * Yang Lu-chan finally originated the Yang Style of Tai Chi.
- * The Old Frame Style of Chen Tai Chi was introduced by Chen Gen-yun.
- * Wu Style of Tai Chi was introduced by Wu Quan-yu, a student of both Yang Lu-chan and Yang Pan-hou.
- * The new school of Tai Chi was introduced by Chen Yau-pun.
- * Chen Yau-pun’s student Chen Quin-ping originated Zhao Bao Style of Tai Chi.
- * Hu Lei Style of Tai Chi was introduced by Li Jing-Ting.
- * Wu Xu-xiang taught Tai Chi to his nephew, Lee-I-yu, who in turn taught it to Hao Wei-chen, who introduced the new Hao Style of Tai Chi.
- * Sun Lu-yang originated the new Sun Style of Tai Chi by combining the other forms.
Forms And Postures
In the eighth century A.D. Hsu Hsuan-p’ing developed 37 forms of Tai Chi like:
- * Step up to Seven Stars.
- * High Pat on Horse.
- * Play the Pi’pa.
- * White Crane Cools Wing.
- * Single Whip.
- * Jade Lady Works the Shuttles.
The famous eight postures of Tai Chi are:
- * Push
- * Pull
- * Press
- * Split
- * Ward-off
- * Rollback
- * Shoulder Strike
- * Elbow Strike
Being recognized the world over, Tai Chi is a perfect example of Chinese heritage and culture and this gracious art form continues to draw more followers with each passing day.